ETHNIC POLE OF THE
Considered the "Mother City of Paraná", Castro was the first municipality established in the State Province in 1857. A few years later, in 1894, it became the capital of Paraná for three months during the Federalist Revolution. Since then, it collects titles, such as the largest producer of agricultural limestone in Latin America and the National Capital of Milk.
These achievements were only possible thanks to the castrense people, who have roots in European immigration. In the 1930s, the Germans arrived in the municipality. Two decades later, the Dutch came. Over the years, Polish, Russian, Ukrainian, Italian, Arab and Japanese immigrants were added to these two pioneering peoples.
Along with the Indians and the Africans that already inhabited the territory, all helped to build Castro of the present times, considered one of the largest agricultural producers of Paraná and one of the main dairy basins of the country in productivity and genetic quality. In addition, the city stands out in the manufacture of furniture and food.
Alongside all this material wealth, the socio-cultural patrimony stands out, resulting from the harmonious coexistence between the different ethnic groups that transformed Castro into an ethnic pole in the Region of Campos Gerais.
WHAT TO DO
HISTORY, CULTURE AND TRADITION
Marked by tropeirismo and European immigration, especially Dutch, the city is rich in history and culture. The Tropeiro and Imigrante museums, the Judith Carneiro de Mello Cultural Historical Complex, Casa da Praça and the Cultural Center of Castrolanda are excellent options for those who want to know more about the local past.
FAITH AND RELIGIOUSITY
For those who worship religion or appreciate architecture, there are two good options for visitation: the Senhora de Santana Church, which has chandeliers and a bell of great historical value, and Morro do Cristo, where a beautiful statue of the Redeemer is built.
Castro was also blessed by nature. Want to see? Through the urban perimeter, passes the Rio Iapó, with slow waters full of beauty and history, because it is connected to the passage of the tropeiros. A few kilometers below it, there is the Guaratá Canyon, which is the sixth largest in the world in extension and the only one with native vegetation. In the right escarpment of the rock formation, you can practice several adventure sports. The municipality also has a lacustrine and a freshwater beach that are great scenery for rest and fun.
SEASONS WELL DEFINED
The climate of the city presents well defined seasons. Summer is usually mild. Winter almost always has frost, and periods of drought are quite rare. The annual average temperature varies between 18 and 22 degrees. You can travel there in a good way, without being afraid to make a mistake when packing.
THE FIRST CHILDREN'S GARDEN OF BRAZIL
Emília Erichsen founded the first kindergarten in Brazil in Castro. As a tribute, the city's culture house was named after the forerunner.
BELL OF VICTORY
At the entrance of the parish of Santana, a 120-kg bronze bell is displayed, which was touched until it cracks to celebrate the end of World War II. The church is illuminated by five rystal chandeliers that were donated by D. Pedro II on a visit to the municipality in 1880.
In the municipality you can find caves where several speleothems are seen, such as stalactites and stalagmites. The outcrops of limestone generate exotic forms and rare beauty. All are in private properties and require authorization and accompaniment of guides for the tours.
The local events calendar features at least 12 attractions throughout the year. The city's birthday party and the Boiadeiro's Peon Festival, which take place in March, stand out; to Oranjefest in April; and the Interstate Creole Rodeo in September.
MOST VISITED PLACES
Complexo Histórico Cultural Judith Carneiro de Mello
Fazenda Capão Alto
Colônia Terra Nova
Casa da Praça
Casa da Praça is the place of art and culture in Castro. Built in 1870, with pylon taipa, it was the residence of mayors and historians and already housed the largest library in the municipality.
Casa da Sinhara
A historical collection of women, Casa da Sinhara portrays the daily life of women in the 17th and 19th centuries, through furniture, accessories and household items used by them at that time.
Centro Cultural da Castrolanda
Built in 2016 to keep the memory and culture of the famous colony of European immigrants, space has several attractions. Considered the third largest windmill in the world, with 26 meters of blades and propellers, the Dutch Immigration Mill was built in 2001 to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the arrival of the European people in the city. Today, it houses a permanent historical exhibit and also features a library, event hall, café-restaurant and craft shop. An authentic realejo is also found there. The Dutch Immigration Museum portrays the history of the Castrolanda Colony and teaches about values such as unity, cooperation and perseverance.
Capão Alto Farm
Declared by State Historical Heritage, Fazenda Capão Alto was the first stop of the tropeiros in Castro and marked the beginning of the settlement of the Campos Gerais. All this historic value is preserved in the original building, which is a great place to visit.
Church of Santana
It is a must see for those who enjoy architecture, Senhora de Santana church is a pylon construction, adorned with wooden statues by Frei Mathias of Genoa, crystal chandeliers donated by D. Pedro II, and the bell cracked of so much touch, due to the end of World War II. It is the perfect meeting between architectural beauty, history and religiosity.
Morro do Cristo
One of the highest points of the city, Morro do Cristo offers a panoramic view of Castro. The place houses an image of Jesus Christ that was built with the collaboration of castrenses families.
Museu do Tropeiro
Installed in the oldest building in the city, the Tropeiro Museum is the only one in Brazil dedicated to tropeirismo. In the construction in taipa of pylon, the visitor finds objects of the labor tropeira, as mounts and clothes.
HOW TO ARRIVE
The road access is made by PR-151, PR-340, PR-090 and BR-376 (direction Curitiba). Two bus stations receive passengers from all over the state and the interior of the municipality. The nearest airports are Ponta Grossa, 41 km, and the Afonso Pena International Airport in São José dos Pinhais, 180 km.
WHERE TO STAY
The city's hotel network is wide. There is option of hotels, inns and a farm-hotel.
Local cuisine tastes of cultural heritage. Typical dishes are the Virado Tropeiro and Castropeiro, bean-based recipes, corn meal and pork, which remind the tropeirismo. Delicacies from the countries that colonized the region, such as the Netherlands, Germany, Italy and Japan also mark a strong presence in the city menu.